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Geography

Kurchatov town is the centre of the former Semipalatinsk proving ground. It is located in the northwest of East Kazakhstan region. Its geographical coordinates are 50 44,3 - 5046,2 of North latitude and 7830,5-7833,7 of East longitude. It occupies the area of 11 thousand hectares. Kurchatov town composes Kurchatov town, Degelen railway station (2 km) and Moldary village (3-4 km). These very settlements are not separate and are not registered in the reporting.

Radiation-Processing-Facility image-kurchatov
 

History 

It has received the status of the town since 1947 and named Kurchatov. It is known in the world as Semipalatinsk - 21 (post office). The history of the town is closely connected with the history of creation of the nuclear weapons-test base. Igor Vasilyevich Kurchatov performed the scientific guidance during preparing of the first testing.

Military builders were the first who landed in 1947 on the bank of the Irtysh River. Construction of housing, office and technical buildings began there. It was very difficult to begin construction from scratch. Striving for stated tasks implementation, great will-power, tenacity, love for our country allowed military constructers in limiting deadlines by July, 1949 to complete the preparation of objects and buildings for nuclear testing. At the same time the building of a small town began. Military builders were tasked to build a modern, comfort military town.

Territory 

Kurchatov town is located in the northwest of East Kazakhstan region, on the left bank of the Irtysh River, on the border of East Kazakhstan and Pavlodar regions. The territory of the town occupies the area of 11,200 hectares.   

Border 

Kurchatov town is locatedin the northwest part of East Kazakhstan region on the left bank of the Irtysh River in the border area between East Kazakhstan and Pavlodar regions. Kurchatov town is a research centre of the Republic. The distance from Kurchatov town to Ust-Kamenogorsk city is 330 km; to Semey city - 130 km; Astana - 800 km; Almaty - 1100 km.

Population 

As of 1 December, 2017 the population of the town totals 12,380 people, decreased by 10 persons compared to 1 January, 2017. Ethnic structure of the population by the beginning of 2017: the Kazakhs - 6740 persons (54,9 %), the Russians - 4922 persons (40,1 %), the Tartars - 176 person (1,43 %), the Germans - 163 persons (1,33 %), the Ukrainians - 118 persons (0,96 %), the Byelorussians - 28 persons (0,23 %), the Chechens - 5 persons (0,04 %), the Azerbaijani - 16 persons (0,15 %), the Koreans - 16 persons (0,13 %), the Uigurs - 7 persons (0,07 %), the Uzbeks - 20 persons (0,16 %), other nationalities - 62 persons (0,50 %). By present moment, Kurchatov town has the following population groups: 0-14 years - 19,8 %, 15-49 years - 58,6 %, 50 years and over - 12,6 %. The share of persons of over 60 years - 9 %. The male population makes up 47,9 %, female population - 52,1 %.

As of January 1, 2017 the economically active population of the town accounted for 7,678 persons, including, employed population - 7 327 persons, unemployed - 351 persons.

Infrastructure 

In Kurchatov town there are four comprehensive schools with 85 classes and 1571 students, 207 classes of pre-primary education: Comprehensive school No.1: 12 classes, 217 students. Comprehensive school No.2: 20 classes, 367 students, 70 children in classes of pre-primary education. Secondary school No.3: 27 classes, 487 students, and 71 children in classes of pre-primary education. Secondary school No.4: 26 classes, 500 students, 66 children in classes of pre-primary education.

Kurchatov town has the centre of culture and library, Friendship House, creativity centre, children's musical school, children's youthful sports school. 

Production

The industrial output as of 1 January, 2018 accounted for KZT2775,2 million, which by KZT5,9 million is less as compared with the same period of the last year. The growth rate is 99,8 %, the index of actual volume is 99,4 %.

The volume of output in the processing industry made up KZT1370,1 million, that up by KZT492,2 million compared to the last year, the growth rate is 156,1 %. The index of actual volume is 86,9 %.  

The volume of output in the mining industry as of 1 January, 2018 made up KZT623,4 million, which by KZT254,5 million is less as compared with the same period of the last year, the growth rate is 56,3 %.

Investment into the fixed capital as of January 1, 2018 amounted to KZT3105,2 million, that up by KZT205,1 million compared to the previous year. The growth rate is 107,1 %. the index of actual volume is 100,7 %.

The volume of building and construction works as of January, 1st, 2018 made up KZT1671,9 million, which by KZT218,9 million is less as compared with the previous  year. The growth rate is 88,4 %. the index of actual volume is 84,7 %.

As of 1 January, 2018 it is registered in the town 86 enterprises of small business(in 2016 - 88), the growth rate is 97,7 %, including operating-55 (in 2016 - 50), The growth rate is 110,0 %.

The volume of retail turnover for 12 months 2017 made up KZT5307,8 million or up by KZT54,5million compared to the same period of the last year, the index of actual volume is 92,7 %.

Land resources 

The territory of lands of Kurchatov town consists of lands of settlement, which total area makes up 11000 hectares.
The residential build-up area covers 910 hectares, under industrial site development - 252,48 hectares, lands of transport, communications, engineering communications - 109,4 hectares, reservoirs and water areas - 39 hectares, lands of agricultural purposes - 2442,27 hectares, common using - 237,32 hectares, reserve and other lands which are not involved in the town-planning activity - 6903,62 hectares, lands of special purposes - 87,71 hectares, provided for the needs of defense and security – 14,35 hectares.

Labour recourses 

As of 1 January, 2018, 879 unemployed addressed concerning employment in Population Employment Center of Kurchatov town, 694 unemployed are employed.

Paid public works are organized to ensure employment of unemployed among target groups for the period of 6 months. 161 persons participated in social paid works from the beginning of the year.

In order to increase the employment level, the unemployed population is offered social jobs, 41 persons were directed in 2017. 130 persons were directed to vocational training, retraining, professional improvement in the following specialities: electric gas welder, cook, baker, internal plumber, electrician, nurse, tutor, driver of ВС categories.

18 persons were directed to the youth practice to ensure employment of the youth population at the town enterprises.

The annual planned indicator on creation of new jobs is 385, is performed by 100 %. 385 new jobs are created, including: 162 permanent jobs and 223 temporary or seasonal jobs. A share of the registered unemployed to the number of economically active population accounted for 0,6 %. The number of the registered unemployed made up 45 persons.

Within the framework of the Productive Employment and Mass Business Development Program, since the beginning of the year, experts of the Population employment center held 821 consultations. 526 persons were consulted, including, unemployed - 280 persons, own-account workers - 28 persons, invalids - 7 persons, needy - 3 persons, youth till 29 years - 184 persons, from among women - 240 persons, released from imprisonment - 1 person, senior citizens - 3 persons.
The first direction: Providing the participants of the Program with technical and vocational training and short-term vocational training.
The plan for short-term vocational training is 120 persons. By this time 122 persons are directed to short-term vocational training. In the following specialities: driver of В.С categories - 17 persons, construction electrician of power mains and electric equipments - 18 persons, landscape architect - 5 persons, machinist of boiler-house - 13 persons, baker - 9 persons, cook - 15 persons, electric gas welder - 10 persons, sanitary technician - 8 persons, computer courses - 5 persons. Under the project No.1 “Mini kindergartens in houses”: tutor - 6 persons, professional nurse - 3 persons, under the project No.5 “Vacancy”: sanitary technician - 6 persons, landscape architect - 5 persons, construction electrician of power mains and electric equipments - 2 persons. 49 persons finished training. 3 persons were expelled. From among finished training 38 persons are employed on constant jobs in the following specialities: tutor, professional nurse, sanitary technician, landscape architect, construction electrician of power mains and electric equipments, machinist (boiler fireman) of boiler-house, computer operator. 5 persons are directed to social jobs in mini kindergarten “Ak-bobek in the following specialities: professional nurse, tutor.
The second direction: development of mass business.
As of today, 11 persons were applied for microcredit to the sum of KZT30 million 600 thousand. 4 persons were directed to the bank of the second level under 4 projects: opening of a hairdressing saloon, development of the animal industry, purchase of the real estate, roadside service, opening of a grocery booth totally to the amount of  KZT14 million.
The third direction: development of labour market through promotion of employment of the population and mobility of labour forces.
The plan for creation of social jobs is 10 persons, 36 persons were directed. 9 persons were placed in permanent jobs.
The plan for the youth practice is 8 persons, it is directed 10 persons. 1 person was placed in permanent job.
By the end of the accounting period, the number of unemployed made up 196 persons.
The annual plan for creation of new jobs is 385 places. For today 144 new jobs are created.

Investment potential

For today Kurchatov town has 9 enterprises of the industry and 1 branch, and it is represented by four branches: the mining industry, the processing industry, production and distribution of the electrical energy, gas and water, and waste management.
The industrial output as of 1 August, 2017 accounted for KZT1761,5  million, which by KZT72,2 million or 4 per cent is less as compared with the same period of 2016. The index of actual volume is 100,4%.

The output in the mining industry compared to the level of the last year decreased by KZT234,3 million or by 32,8 % and made up KZT481,4 million.
Investments into the fixed capital as of 1 August, 2017 made up KZT1034,6 million, which by  KZT183,6 million is less as compared to the previous year. The growth rate is 84,9 %. The index of actual volume is 79,2 %.
In order to increase the investment into the fixed capital the district is searching for potential investors to implement the following projects:
1. The launch of the non-operational production of “Degelen” Ltd, which deals with mining and processing of the natural stone;
2. Realization of 51 % participating interest in the operating business on the basis of “Nuclear Technologies Park” JSC
3. For implementing the investment project of “Kazkhimtehsnab” Ltd on modernization of production facilities on calcium hydroxide production.

The volume of investment into the fixed capital in January - October, 2017 accounted for KZT1315,4 million, that up by KZT11,1 million compared to the previous period of 2017. The growth rate is 100,8 %.
Business Support Map of East - Kazakhstan region for 2015 – 2019.
Now akimat of Kurchatov town together with “Kazkhimtehsnab” Ltd is working actively to attract the investment into the implementation of the socially important project for the town “Modernization of production facilities on calcium hydroxide production” within the framework of the Business Support Map of East - Kazakhstan region for 2015 – 2019. Under the project it is planned to attract over KZT2 billion, and to create 157 jobs.
For today, the contract has been signed for obtaining the subsurface use rights in the limestone deposit “Limestone – Left bank” in the territory of Beskaragai district of East Kazakhstan region. The annual output of the deposit on limestone production makes up 80,000 m3. The total reserves of the limestone deposit total about 29 million m3, where a half belongs to “Semey Orda” Ltd.
The issue of financing of the above-stated project remains open, in this connection the in-service date is deferred to 2018.
Now the project director is carrying on negotiations with representatives of National Managing Holding “Baiterek” concerning possible financing of the project. All the necessary documentation has been submitted and is under consideration by financial experts of the holding

The volume of investments into the fixed capital accounted for KZT1253,4 million, that up by KZT792,5 million compared to the last year. The index of actual volume is 2,6 times.
Now akimat of Kurchatov town together with “Kazkhimtehsnab” Ltd is working actively to attract the investment into the implementation of the socially-significant project for the town “Modernization of production facilities on calcium hydroxide production” within the framework of the Business Support Map of East - Kazakhstan region for 2015 – 2019. Under the project it is planned to attract over KZT2 billion, and to create 157 jobs.
Now negotiations are under way with foreign investors to implement the above-stated project, in particular with:
- Investment company N.E.W. INVESTMENTS LIMITED (Great Britain) - a stage of studying of the project and coordination of the scheme of cooperation;
- Private investors (Turkey) - conditions of the coordination have been developed, but in connection with known events in Turkey the issue has been postponed for indefinite periods. Time and terms of the following stage of negotiations are under consideration.
The contract has been concluded for obtaining the subsurface use rights in the limestone deposit “Limestone – Left bank” (the 4-th site) in the territory of Beskaragai district of East Kazakhstan region and the land plot documents are being drawn up.
Now the issue of registration of the subsurface use right to the other three sites is under consideration.

Need for labour recourses 

For today Kurchatov town needs for:
1) physicians (ophthalmologist, physiatrist, drug addiction physicians, expert in Statistics, psychiatrist) - 6;

2) engineer- FTP - 1;
3) engineer of heat supply - 1;
4) legal adviser -1;
5) engineering specialist - 1;

6) head of electrotechnical laboratory;

7) head of boiler-house.

Tourist potential 

Geographical features of East Kazakhstan allow the active development of mountain climbing. Kurchatov town has a domestic club “Rock” of a sports-tourist direction, which basic kinds of activity are organization of cycling trips on the territory of East Kazakhstan, mountain climbing, and also military science.